The European Union unveiled plans on Thursday to make USB-C connectors the standard charging port for all smartphones, tablets, and other electronic devices sold across the bloc, an initiative that it says will reduce environmental waste but that is likely to hit Apple the hardest. The move would represent a long-awaited yet aggressive step into product-making decisions by the , the bloc’s executive arm. Apple, whose are equipped with a different port, has long opposed the plan, arguing that it would stifle innovation and lead to more electronic waste as all current chargers that are not USB-C would become obsolete.
The new legislation will likely come into effect in 2024 because it first needs to be approved by theand then adopted by manufacturers. Besides phones, it would apply to cameras, headphones, portable speakers, and consoles. would not be affected, but the main change would come for iPhones, which currently have a proprietary Lightning charging port. “What are we offering? More freedom, fewer costs” and less electronic waste, Thierry Breton, the European commissioner for trade, said in a news conference on Thursday.
Many European Parliament lawmakers welcomed the announcement. “It’s completely absurd to ask Europeans to pay for a new charger everySaskia Bricmont, a Green lawmaker. It also received swift observers. “This is a profoundly stupid way to approach product and standardization,” a tech analyst, Benedict Evans, said on Twitter. “What happens in 5 years when someone wants to use a better connector?”
Still, if the legislation is enacted as proposed by the European Commission, selling an electronic device without a USB-C charging port will become illegal. A commission official said that Apple would have to switch to USB-C for its products sold across the bloc, noting that it already sells new iPads with such charging ports. The legislative proposal is the latest setback in Europe for Apple, which European Union regulators have accused of maintaining unfair fees on rival music-streaming services like Spotify that depend on the to reach customers. It is also facing an inquiry into its Apple Pay service, which is the only payment service available on Apple products and which E.U. officials have said could violate the bloc’s competition rules.
Daniel Ives, the managing director of equity supply chain and cost up to $1 billion. “It kicks the battle between level,” Mr. Ives said. “It’s like forcing Netflix to provide VCR screening alongside streaming.” European Union officials and lawmakers at the European Parliament have been advocating a since 2009, when there were more than 30 charging options on the market, now down to three., called the E.U. proposal a “gut punch to Apple” that would force the company to adapt its design and
They have argued that fewer wires would be more convenient for users and better for the environment, as mobile phone chargers are responsible for 11,000 tons of electronic waste per year across the bloc, according to estimates by the European Commission. But Apple has also argued that if the European Union had imposed a common charger in 2009, it would have restricted innovation that led to USB-C and Lightning connectors. In a statement, Apple said that although it welcomed the European Commission’s commitment to protecting the environment, it favored a solution that left the device side of the for innovation.
Mr. Breton said on Thursday that he was familiar with Apple’s concerns. “Everyto put a proposal, such companies start to say, ‘It will be against innovation,’” he said. “It’s not at all against innovation. It’s not against anyone,” he added. “It’s for European consumers.” Mr. Breton said manufacturers, , could offer two charging ports on their devices if they wanted to keep a non-USB-C connector. But that is highly unlikely, as one of Apple’s main arguments in favor of its Lightning connector has been its small size on iPhones.
“The timea lot about Apple’s power, which until now has managed to delay the process while all the other manufacturers accepted to use USB micro-B, and now USB-C connectors,” said Ms. Bricmont, the European lawmaker. But critics have also charged that the European Union’s action is coming too late because of the decline in the types of connectors in .
Half the charging cables sold with mobile phones in 2018 had a USB micro-B connector, while 29 percent had a USB-C and 21 percent a Lightning connector, Android phones are now sold with it. The European Commission said it would also require manufacturers to sell devices without chargers: If a bundled , it said. Adam Satariano contributed reporting.published by the European Commission in 2019. The share of USB-C charging ports is most likely to have since increased as most